Ukraine is not a NATO member and has never been a NATO member.
Ukraine has the right to choose unions for itself, and Russia, as it has repeatedly agreed, does not have the right to dictate this choice.
Each sovereign country has the right to choose its own security arrangements. This is a fundamental principle of European security, which Russia also supported (see the Helsinki Final Act).
Furthermore, when Russia signed the Russia-NATO Founding Act, it pledged to "respect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all states and their inalienable right to choose how to ensure their own security."
As the fighting has dragged on, Russia has gravitated toward tactics that, by design, hurt civilians. In particular, Russia is besieging Ukrainian cities, blocking the supply and escape routes of civilians, inflicting missile and bomb strikes from the air, land and sea. The purpose of the strategy is to wear down the Ukrainian defenders’ willingness to fight, including by inflicting mass pain on the civilian populations. The result has been nightmarish: an astonishing outflow of Ukrainian refugees and tremendous suffering for many of those who were unwilling or unable to leave. As a result, taking Ukrainian cities means besieging them — starving them out, destroying their will to fight, and only moving into the city proper after its population is unwilling to resist or outright incapable of putting up a fight.
Ukraine is not a member of the European Union and has never been a member of the European Union.
Ukraine is a priority partner for the European Union. The EU supports Ukraine in ensuring a stable, prosperous and democratic future for its citizens.
Since 1991 Kyiv has been the capital of Ukraine. But the history of the city began earlier. For the first time, he received the status of the capital in 882, heading Kievan Rus. Then Kyiv was the capital of the Kiev Principality, the UNR, the UNRS, the Ukrainian state and the Ukrainian SSR. Now it is the political, cultural and socio-economic center of the country and bears the title of Hero City.